Myopia is commonly treated with corrective lenses. While these options allow you to see normally, there has not been one sole method that can slow the progression of myopia. However, due to introduction of new technology, myopia can now be managed, meaning your nearsightedness might be able to stabilize to a lesser degree, sooner. Following are a few examples of myopia management methods:
Atropine eye drops have a long history of use in the treatment of myopia, although the possible long-term effects were unknown. However, low-dose atropine drops (0.01%) have been recently adopted which greatly reduces risk of side effects, and studies are in progress indicating that 0.01% atropine is a solidly viable solution for myopia management. We are currently looking into using 0.01% – 0.05% atropine drop as part of our myopia management service.
Progressive Add Power
Progressive lenses, or multifocal lenses, have three different prescriptions in one lens. As opposed to traditional bifocal or trifocal lenses, progressive lenses have a seamless look and allow the user to not have to switch to different glasses (I.e. Using reading glasses). Studies have shown that lenses specially designed for myopia management are a better solution than standard single vision lenses. The multiple prescriptions in the lens are what manages myopia as well as corrects vision. The edge of progressive lenses controls myopia, while the center of the lens corrects your vision. These special lenses are a great alternative to those that might not be comfortable with other myopia management technologies.
Orthokeratology (ortho-k for short) is the fitting of special gas-permeable contact lenses that are worn overnight. These lenses gently reshape the cornea while you sleep, allowing the wearer to see normally without any corrective lens the next day. Ortho-k is mainly used to slow the progression of myopia in children and correct refractive errors.